Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, popularly known as one of the most respected freedom fighters of India, was born in Cuttack. Netaji was one of the brightest students during his school days and university days and secured top ranks throughout his study period. Netaji obtained his BA in Philosophy in 1918 with first class. From his early days, he was highly influenced by the teachings of Vivekananda, and he regarded Vivekananda as his spiritual master and was known for his patriotic fervor as a student.
Subhash Chandra Bose’s father always wanted to see him as a civil servant and hence, sent him to England to appear for the Indian Civil Services Examination. Bose scored the highest marks in English. But his interest in participating in the freedom movement peaked. He resigned from the Indian Civil Service in April 1921 and returned to India.
He later joined the Indian National Congress, and Netaji was active with the radical wing of the Indian National Congress during his youth days after being elected as the party’s youth wing president. His nationalist persona first came to the fore after he was drummed out of Presidency College for attacking Professor Otten for his anti-national remarks.
Bose traveled to several countries, forming an alliance with each country and attacking the British government in India. In 1943, he came to Singapore to lead the Indian Independence League and rebuild the Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army. Under his leadership, thousands of ex-prisoners and civilians from Malaysia and Burma joined the volunteer army, and fought together to drive the British imperial rulers out of the country.
Bose stood for self-governance and ideologies were highly contradictory to that of Mahatma Gandhi,he always believed that non-violence would never be sufficient to secure independence and advocated violent resistance.
Bose raised an objection against Viceroy’s decision to declare war on India as he supported a mass campaign of civil disobedience. Later he escaped from India in 1941 and went to Germany where he worked for India’s independence.
Bose came all the way to Manipur in India, when Independence was brought to Andaman and Nicobar Islands along with Japanese Army.
The Azad Hind Radio station in Germany was established by him, which led the Indian nationalist movement in East Asia.
Bose stood for self-rule and had ideologies highly contrary to Mahatma Gandhi, who always believed that nonviolence would never be enough to secure independence and advocated violent resistance.
Bose objected to the Viceroy’s decision to declare war on India because he had supported a massive campaign of civil disobedience. He later escaped from India in 1941 and went to Germany where he worked for the independence of India.
Bose came as far as Manipur in India when independence was brought to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands with the Japanese army.
The Azad Hind radio station in Germany was founded by him, which led the Indian nationalist movement in East Asia.
The slogan “Jai Hind“, a popular patriotic greeting in the country, was coined by him.
On June 22, 1939, the All India Forward Bloc was organized by Bose, a faction within the Indian National Congress, which aimed to unite the political left. The influence was permanent in Bengal and South India.
Netaji once said, “It is blood that can pay the price of freedom. His slogan was you give me blood, I will give you freedom! Inspires many people even today.
Netaji died on August 18, 1945. While his death remains one of the greatest mysteries in history, it was believed that Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose died in a plane crash in Taiwan from third-degree burns, and His body was never recovered. Many Indians believe that there was no accident. Several conspiracy theories were put forward after his death.